Background:

Silicon-based photovoltaic (PV) systems undergo a drop in real-time performance in the field when compared to the predicted “laboratory” performance. The effects of dynamic operational environments where these PV panels are deployed give rise to various fault conditions which reduce...

Moulds are hollowed-out blocks that are used as tools for the mass production of parts such as plastic bottles and automotive parts. These moulds are expensive to manufacture and are therefore designed to have a long service life.  Manufacturing industries thus seek cost-effective processes to...

This technology is a high-temperature self-repairing carbide ceramic matrix composite. It is produced using titanium and a porous CfC composite preform matrix. Titanium and the composite preform matrix are placed in a crucible and spark plasma sintering is used to melt titanium so that it...

One of the barriers to increasing microprocessing clock speed is the extreme difficulty to move heat out of the CPU chip. Wits researchers have developed a cold spraying heat exchanger manufacturing technique where thin layers of copper and aluminium are deposited on a copper substrate. De-alloying...

Central to the wellbeing of any living organism is the nucleus of the cell. It stores and organises genetic information and protects this information from other cellular components. The nucleus also communicates with the rest of the cell, exchanges proteins and RNA, and facilitates several important...

Non-toxic biodegradable wound dressing that releases drugs in response to inflammation and mimics skin cells. This accelerates the healing process and results in minimal scar formation, allowing wounds to achieve optimal healing.

Despite the existence of sophisticated materials used in preparing...

Concussion Management System is an application framework that allows for easily accessible baseline testing and access to a player's concussion history from anywhere in the world.  The proposed device makes use of visual tracking techniques to evaluate ocular motor function which incorporates widely...

Triple-Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) is a particularly aggressive cancer which mostly affects women of colour who are younger than 50 years of age. It is named for the fact that it tests negative for two hormone receptors and an excess of a certain protein; the typical indicators of breast cancer...

LeguPro is a protein-rich pasta that is produced from non-traditional pasta ingredients such as peanuts, soybeans and chickpeas. LeguPro is a cost-effective nutrient dense high protein healthy instant noodle product and aims to give consumers an alternative staple food product to be consumed as is...

The North-West University (NWU) is pioneering the novel use of Europium-Tellurium-Oxide (ETO) in the production of clean energy. ETO is a light-chargeable catalyst material that exhibits sustained and enhanced activity after light excitation has ended. Its unique characteristics present an...