Interferon Induced proteins with Tetratricopeptide repeats (IFIT) proteins are a family of antiviral proteins that have been shown to confer immunity against viral infection. IFIT proteins have been shown to be conserved in vertebrates, with homologues having been identified in several organisms.

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This invention relates to a drive circuit and the method for driving a transformer. More particularly the invention relates to a drive circuit and method for driving a transformer which forms part of an ignition system for an internal combustion engine.

In order to improve emissions in petrol...

This invention relates to an ignition system for an internal combustion engine and a method of driving an ignition plug of an ignition system.

In order to improve emissions in petrol internal combustion engines to meet emission standards, the engine needs to be operated with a high exhaust gas...

This invention relates to an ignition plug for an internal combustion engine.

In order to improve emissions in petrol internal combustion engines, the engine may be operated with exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) or lean air- fuel mixtures. However, combustion stability may become unacceptable...

Background:

Silicon-based photovoltaic (PV) systems undergo a drop in real-time performance in the field when compared to the predicted “laboratory” performance. The effects of dynamic operational environments where these PV panels are deployed give rise to various fault conditions which reduce...

Moulds are hollowed-out blocks that are used as tools for the mass production of parts such as plastic bottles and automotive parts. These moulds are expensive to manufacture and are therefore designed to have a long service life.  Manufacturing industries thus seek cost-effective processes to...

The technology is a membrane for treating acid mine drainage that is reproducible and can handle large discharges of acid mine drainage. It is suitable for implementation in a filtration cartridge setup that allows for the reclamation of metals which can then be recycled and used for other...

This technology is a high-temperature self-repairing carbide ceramic matrix composite. It is produced using titanium and a porous CfC composite preform matrix. Titanium and the composite preform matrix are placed in a crucible and spark plasma sintering is used to melt titanium so that it...

One of the barriers to increasing microprocessing clock speed is the extreme difficulty to move heat out of the CPU chip. Wits researchers have developed a cold spraying heat exchanger manufacturing technique where thin layers of copper and aluminium are deposited on a copper substrate. De-alloying...

Central to the wellbeing of any living organism is the nucleus of the cell. It stores and organises genetic information and protects this information from other cellular components. The nucleus also communicates with the rest of the cell, exchanges proteins and RNA, and facilitates several important...